Author Archives: Fred Langa

Fred Langa

About Fred Langa

Fred Langa is senior editor. His LangaList Newsletter merged with Windows Secrets on Nov. 16, 2006. Prior to that, Fred was editor of Byte Magazine (1987 to 1991) and editorial director of CMP Media (1991 to 1996), overseeing Windows Magazine and others.

That *Other* Startup Logo Screen

Hi Fred—concerning the startup logo on boot
["That Pesky Vendor StartUp Logo" ] : If I can
remember correctly the startup logo in windows is controlled by the logo.sys
or the logo1.sys file in the system directory.  You can replace the file but
it supposedly has to be replaced with the same size file made from a graphic
file.  I do not remember the exact procedure to do this.  As long as the
graphic is the same file size, it can be used–even a blank graphic.  I hope
I remember correctly–It’s been a long time. Great newsletter—Thanks-H. L.

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“Pretexting,” “Pharming” And Other Dangers

You’ve heard of worms, trojans and viruses; you probably
know what phishing is, and have a good idea of how to fight malware. But even if
you’re extremely well-versed in online dangers, there probably are some new ones
that you may not know about. The two terms above, for example— "pharming" and
"pretexting"—  were new to me until I was researching the current
InformationWeek article, now posted at

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Drive Errors (Fred’s Take)

This started normally, with a question from
a reader:Fred: I am a long time subscriber, first to the free edition and
then to the Plus! Edition when it started up….

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Drive Errors (Steve Gibson’s Take)

(continued from previous item)

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The WMF Security Flap

Steve Gibson figures in this item, too; he alluded to it
in his reply, above.

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Simple Trick

Hi Fred, I needed a reminder of when I did my last backup (I do a clone every week or so) –
Created a shortcut (no target needed) named it "Last cloned 12/10/2005". Every
time I do a clone I just rename the icon to the current date. Very convenient,
no additional  software like ‘sticky notes’ or ‘reminders’ is needed.

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More On Storage Media Life

Fred: Your article CD/DVD/Flash Shelf Life ( ) mentioned
someone who said that magnetic tape has a shelf life of 30-100 years.
Technically, I think that’s correct but you should caution your readers that
you can only achieve that life by correctly caring for the tape. As I
understand it, if you save your data on a tape & then just stick it on a
shelf-like the ‘expert’ assumed that people do with CD’s-then you get a tape
life of 5-10 years. After that magnetic drift starts degrading the tape.

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