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Thread: Circles

20080416, 15:48 #1
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Circles
The large circle has a diameter of 1m. The lines are at right angles.
What is the diameter of the small circle?
Tyler

20080416, 16:17 #2
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Re: Circles
<span style="backgroundcolor: #FFFF00; color: #FFFF00; fontweight: bold">32*SQRT(2) meters</span hide>

20080416, 16:34 #3
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Re: Circles
Nice formula. I used pages of Pythagoras and came out at <span style="backgroundcolor: #FFFF00; color: #FFFF00; fontweight: bold">0.1768, 5mm more</span hide> .
Tyler

20080416, 17:07 #4
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Re: Circles
Here is the calculation:
<span style="backgroundcolor: #FFFF00; color: #FFFF00; fontweight: bold">Let's call the radius of the large circle r and that of the small circle s
BD = BC = r.
Angle CAB is 45 degrees, so AB = BC/SQRT(2) = r/SQRT(2)
PS = PC = s
Angle CPQ is 45 degrees, so PQ = PC/SQRT(2) = s/SQRT(2)
r = BD = AB + DA = AB + SQ = AB + SP + PQ = r/SQRT(2) + s + s/SQRT(2)
Multiply both sides of the equation with SQRT(2):
r*SQRT(2) = r + s*SQRT(2) + s
s*(SQRT(2)+1) = r*(SQRT(2)1)
Multiply both sides with SQRT(2)1:
s*(SQRT(2)+1)*(SQRT(2)1) = r*(SQRT(2)1)*(SQRT(2)1)
s*(21) = r*(22*SQRT(2)+1)
s = r*(32*SQRT(2)
The diameter of the small circle is 2*s = 2*r*(32*SQRT(2)).
Since r =1/2, s = 32*SQRT(2)</span hide>

20080418, 15:17 #5
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Re: Circles
That’s neat.
I did:
AG = SQRT((CG*CG)+(AC*AC))
= 0.7071
AG+radius = 077071 + 0.5 = 1.2071
AF = 1.2071 – 1 = 0.2071
AE = 0.2071 * 0.7071 = 0.1464
AD = 0.2071 * 0.1464 = 0.03033
DF = (AF) – (AD) = 0.2071 – 0.03033 = 0.17677
Answer = 176.8mm

20080418, 15:28 #6
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Re: Circles
I can follow your calculation up to and including the line
AF = 1.2071 – 1 = 0.2071
But I don't understand the next two lines:
AE = 0.2071 * 0.7071 = 0.1464
AD = 0.2071 * 0.1464 = 0.03033