| By Scott Dunn |
The May 24 issue continued our discussion of OEM software, explaining that any hobbyist can be a system builder and buy these products at a discount.
Additional documentation from Microsoft’s Web site makes it even more clear that you neither need to build a computer from scratch nor join the Microsoft Partner Program to qualify for the lower prices.
OEM Preinstallation Kit (OPK) not always required
The May 24 issue suggested that if you buy a single copy of the OEM version of Windows, you need to join the Microsoft Partner program to obtain a special kit to install it. But reader Sean Toner writes in with a correction:
- "You are correct that a 1-pack Vista OEM package does not include the OPK.
Subscribe to our Windows Secrets Newsletter - It's Free!
Get our unique weekly Newsletter with tips and techniques, how to's and critical updates on Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows XP, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Google, etc. Join our 480,000 subscribers!
Subscribe and get our monthly bonuses - free!
Want to hack the new Start screen and tiles for your Win8 Device, the new Lock screen, the new tile-based apps, or the automatic notification information? Yes, you can do that. How about running other operating systems inside Windows 8, running Windows 8 on a Mac, or hacking SkyDrive and social media? We'll show you how to do that as well. Get this excerpt and other 5 bonuses if you subscribe now!
"However, according to the OEM License, the requirement to use the OPK applies ‘when you distribute an individual software license for a desktop operating system.’ But presumably the requirement does not apply to an enthusiast who installs OEM Vista on a single machine for his own use.
"Also, I understand that a 1-pack Vista OEM DVD will install itself quite easily without requiring the use of the OPK."
Refurbishers are also ‘system builders’
Concerning the topic of who qualifies as a "system builder" and, therefore, for an OEM discount, Chris Miller writes:
- "Good article on Microsoft’s OEM licenses. I wonder how much of a system I would need to build before I could qualify as a ‘system builder.’ I’ve never built a system from the ground up — motherboard, CPU, disk drive, etc. — because I don’t consider this a profitable use of my time, but I’ve changed most of these components at one point or another.
"If I wanted to upgrade my Windows XP system to Vista, I’d certainly need a new hard drive and graphics card (probably memory, too). Leaving aside the question of ‘how would they ever know?’, would such a change be sufficient to make me a ‘system builder’? Or do we need a court case to decide?"
Certainly, that would include changing any of the components you listed. See the item below for more details.
Repairing a broken PC doesn’t invalidate OEM license
Reader Brett Sheaffer is concerned that he might have discovered another restriction on OEM software:
- "I just called a Microsoft representative last week to ask the pros and cons (straight from the horse’s mouth!) of OEM vs. retail versions of Windows. I was considering signing up for their Partner Program (as a ‘system builder’) in order to save money by using the OEM versions.
"One of the limitations I was made aware of (that so far has turned me off to OEM versions) is that once the OEM software is installed, a new license or disk must be purchased if any one of these components fail and need to be replaced: motherboard, hard drive, or processor.
“For large system builders who turn a good profit and can buy OEM disks in quantity while providing warranty support to end users, that isn’t so much an issue. But for small ‘hobby’ builders like me who build only a few per year, there is ‘insurance’ in buying the retail version!"
Moreover, Microsoft has addressed this issue in the Channel Discussion Guide (the full title being “Discussion Guide: Clarifying Proper Windows Desktop OS Licensing”). Page 2 clearly states that "If the motherboard is being replaced because of a defect, a new OS license is not required." [Emphasis added.] The only time a new OS license is required is when hardware refurbishing is done for reasons other than a defect (for example, adding memory or getting a faster motherboard).
ZoneAlarm is still not Vista ready
Regarding the security products we listed in the May 24 issue, a number of readers echoed the concern expressed by reader Alan Horton:
- "I am surprised that you still have the ZoneAlarm Security Suite in your Security Baseline, as it does not yet support Vista."
For those who want a Vista-capable security solution now, the runner-up we mentioned in the article, Norton Internet Security 2007, supports Windows Vista as of February 2007, according to the product FAQ.
In the paid version of today’s newsletter, you’ll find more solutions to subscription subterfuge, the topic of our May 17 story on companies that automatically sign you up for credit-card renewals. You’ll also find a new way to save big on Microsoft software via the Microsoft Partner Program.