Standard drive- and file-wiping tools are no longer adequate for completely removing data — especially when used with the newest hard drives.
But researchers have identified new procedures that reliably make old data virtually unrecoverable on any drive, whether magnetic or solid-state.
Leftover data is an obvious security risk when you sell, give away, or otherwise dispose of any computer storage device. Any data — old documents, files, financial records, passwords, photos, whatever — left behind on a hard drive can come back to haunt you, should they fall into the wrong hands.
That’s why, for years, the common advice has been to sanitize or wipe a hard drive before it leaves your possession. The process most often used is overwriting, which typically replaces all existing data with meaningless patterns of ones and zeros.
That’s the theory, at least.
Erasing everything is actually not all that easy
It’s been known for some time that even a multi-pass (so-called “government”) wipe of traditional magnetic drives leaves behind some data — information that might be recoverable by someone with enough access, time, and forensic technology to analyze the drive’s platters.