Microsoft just released details on the versions of Windows 8 it’ll offer when the OS ships — most likely sometime in October.
Although the company will simplify the current huge array of Windows versions with Win8, the choices are really not any simpler at all.
Microsoft used to have a simple, small set of SKUs (stock-keeping units — what you and I would call versions) for Windows. For example, XP first shipped with just two: Windows XP Home Edition and Windows XP Professional. XP Professional added the ability to join a domain and to act as a server (a host or, as I like to say, a “puppet”) in a Remote Desktop session: it included Encrypting File System (EFS), Group Policy Editor, and a handful of lesser features.
Then the proverbial hit the fan. Within two years we had Windows XP Starter Edition, Media Center Edition, and Tablet PC Edition — all of which were available only as preinstalled software on new systems (in theory). XP Professional was also released in 64-bit versions (which worked on alternate Tuesdays) for Itanium (Wikipedia info page) and Itanium 2 processors. (The original XP Pro 64 was released simultaneously with XP Pro, but I don’t think it worked until years later.) Then there was the XP Professional x64 Edition.
That murky situation wasn’t made any clearer with Vista — and Windows 7 followed in Vista’s footsteps.
Given that history, there was hope that Microsoft would finally reduce the version complexity and give us — well, uh — just Windows 8. But in an April 16 post, Microsoft’s irrepressible Brandon LeBlanc announced the range of Windows 8 versions/SKUs the company plans to offer.
An introduction to the various new SKUs
I think the easiest way to understand Win8’s new SKUs is to compare them with Windows 7. Here’s the breakdown:
- Windows 7 Starter won’t make the transition to Windows 8. No big loss. This stunted version of Win7 is available only preinstalled on new PCs.
Windows 7 Home Basic is targeted at “emerging markets” and comes in a wide variety of languages. It’ll be replaced by an as-yet-unnamed Win8 version, and it also will be targeted at emerging markets (Brandon LeBlanc mentions China). The difference? Windows 8 for Emerging Markets, or whatever it’s eventually called, will come in local language–only versions.
Microsoft hopes this strategy will reduce piracy. I figure it’ll slow down the typical overseas pirate by about, oh, two seconds — but that’s another discussion for another time. There’s no indication from Brandon how the Win8 Emerging Markets version will differ from other SKUs, other than language. We also don’t know which countries will get this version.
- Windows 7 Home Premium will become Windows 8. Yes, just “Windows 8” — refreshing, eh?
- Windows 7 Professional becomes Windows 8 Pro (just “Pro,” not “Professional”). Like all the other Pro versions of Windows starting with XP, Win8 Pro can join a domain and act as a server in a Remote Desktop session. And like its predecessors, it includes EFS, Group Policy Editor, and some additional features. Win8 Pro also includes BitLocker drive encryption and Hyper-V Server, and it can boot from a virtual hard drive. There’s no word on a bundled XP Mode.
- Windows 7 Enterprise turns into something Brandon calls “Windows 8 for enterprise customers with Software Assurance agreements.” According to Brandon, it has everything planned for Win8 Pro plus “features for IT organizations that enable PC management and deployment, advanced security, virtualization, new mobility scenarios, and much more.” Microsoft has more details about Windows 8 Enterprise on a Windows Team blog.
- Windows 7 Ultimate is going away. That could cause a lot of headaches for some small businesses and even for a few enthusiasts. Why? To get the equivalent to Windows 7 Ultimate’s feature set, they’ll have to sign up for an expensive Software Assurance license.